|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Convertible Notes [Abstract]|
The Company entered into a series of unsecured convertible note financings (the “Convertible Notes”) with certain investors beginning on May 25, 2018. The total issuance of Convertible Notes amounted to $8.5 million (see Note 6 – Related Party Transactions). On November 4, 2020, all of Ocuphire’s outstanding Convertible Notes were converted into 977,128 shares of Ocuphire common stock as adjusted for the Exchange Ratio in connection with the completion of the Merger. The conversion was accounted for as a debt extinguishment given the bifurcation of the embedded premium conversion derivatives. The fair value of the newly issued common shares associated with the Convertible Notes conversion relative to the carrying value of the debt and fair value of premium conversion derivatives on the conversion date was $2.7 million lower and was recorded largely as a gain on note extinguishment in the amount of $2.4 million in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss with the remaining portion of $0.3 million differential being recorded as additional paid-in-capital for the portion attributed to related parties.
Prior to the conversion of the Convertible Notes, the Company amended the Convertible Notes (the “Conversion Agreement”) on June 8, 2020. Under the Conversion Agreement, upon such date selected by the Company following Rexahn’s receipt of the required Rexahn stockholder vote and prior to the effectiveness of the Merger, each Convertible Note would automatically and without any action required by any purchaser or the Company be cancelled and, simultaneously with such cancellation, would convert into that number of fully paid and non-assessable shares of the Company’s common stock that was equal to 175% times the outstanding principal and accrued but unpaid interest (Note Value) divided by the conversion price (the “Conversion Price”), rounded to the nearest whole share. The Conversion Price had the meaning of the per share price resulting from the quotient of (1) $100,000,000 less the aggregate amount of 175% times the Note Value of all of the Convertible Notes divided by (2) the fully diluted shares (the “Fully Diluted Shares”). Fully Diluted Shares had the meaning of: (1) all of the issued outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock; and (2) the aggregate number of shares of the Company’s common stock reserved for issuance under all outstanding options or other awards under equity incentive plans of the Company in effect as of such date of determination.
The addition of the new conversion feature under the Conversion Agreement represented a substantial modification to the Convertible Notes, and as such, the Company recorded the modification as a note extinguishment. On the modification date, the fair value of the Convertible Notes (inclusive of the embedded features) was $1.3 million lower upon modification than the aggregate of the carrying value of the Convertible Notes and the fair value of the embedded features; the difference was recorded as a gain on note extinguishment in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Lastly, an increase to additional paid-in capital in the amount of $1.0 million was recorded in connection with the Conversion Agreement to account for the excess of the Convertible Notes’ fair value over the aggregate value of outstanding note principal, accrued interest and fair value of the premium conversion derivatives upon execution of the Conversion Agreement.
Previous to the Conversion Agreement, the Convertible Notes were amended on January 22, 2019 and again on November 20, 2019. The November 2019 amendment was accounted for as a note modification for financial accounting purposes. The modification resulted in an additional discount to the Convertible Notes in the amount of $0.4 million with a corresponding increase to the premium conversion derivative liability. The January 2019 amendment was also accounted for as a note modification for financial accounting purposes. The modification resulted in an additional discount to the Convertible Notes in the amount of $59,000 with a corresponding increase to the premium conversion derivative liability.
The Convertible Notes accrued interest at a rate of 8% per annum, calculated on a 365-day year basis. Interest expense on principal during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 was $0.5 million and $0.3 million, respectively.
The outstanding principal of, and accrued interest on the Convertible Notes were payable on demand, in the absence of the Merger closing discussed above, at any time as of the first to occur of (i) September 30, 2020 or (ii) an event of default (each defined by the Convertible Notes as a Payoff Event). If, prior to a Payoff Event, the Company (i) completed an initial public offering (“IPO”), (ii) completed a change in control (“CIC”), (iii) completed a sale and issuance of its capital stock resulting in gross proceeds to the Company of at least $5 million (“Qualified Financing”), or (iv) completed a reverse merger transaction (Reverse Merger), then the outstanding principal of, and accrued but unpaid interest on the Convertible Notes would have automatically converted upon the earliest of such events to occur as follows:
The Company was not permitted to prepay the Convertible Notes prior to a Payoff Event. The Convertible Notes contained default provisions, and when triggered, the holders of the Convertible Notes could have immediately accelerated payment of the Convertible Notes and the outstanding principal and interest would have become payable immediately. During a period of default, interest would have been assessed at a 12% per annum rate.
The Company determined that all of the conversion provisions, except for the conversion provision upon Merger close, were redemption features that qualified as embedded derivatives. The qualifying embedded derivatives were collectively separated from their debt host upon the issuance of the Convertible Notes. The bifurcation of the embedded derivatives from the debt host resulted in a discount to the Convertible Notes in the amount of $0.8 million and $1.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The embedded derivatives were accounted for separately on a fair market value basis. The fair value of the derivatives was $2.7 million at December 31, 2019 and was included in the premium conversion derivatives line item on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. There were no outstanding premium conversion derivatives as of December 31, 2020 given the conversion of the Convertible Notes. The Company recorded the fair value changes of the premium conversion derivatives while outstanding to fair value change in derivative and warrant liabilities in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss which amounted to a benefit of $0.5 million and an expense of $0.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively,
The Company recorded a discount to the Convertible Notes, attributed to both third party costs in connection with the note extinguishments and note issuance costs, of $8,000 and $2,000 during the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
The note discounts were amortized to interest expense over the term of the Convertible Notes using the straight-line method which approximates the effective interest method and amounted to $0.9 million and $1.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
The entire disclosure for short-term debt.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef