|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Pre-Merger Financing [Abstract]|
Securities Purchase Agreement
On June 17, 2020, Ocuphire, Rexahn and certain investors entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement, which was amended and restated in its entirety on June 29, 2020 (as amended and restated, the “Securities Purchase Agreement”). Pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, the investors invested a total of $21.15 million in cash, including $300,000 invested by five directors of Private Ocuphire and one director of Rexahn, upon closing of the Merger (the “Pre-Merger Financing”). Pursuant to the Pre-Merger Financing, (i) Ocuphire issued and sold to the investors shares of Private Ocuphire common stock (the “Initial Shares”) which converted pursuant to the exchange ratio in the Merger into an aggregate of approximately 1,249,996 shares (the “Converted Initial Shares”) of common stock, (ii) Ocuphire deposited into escrow, for the benefit of the Investors, additional shares of Private Ocuphire common stock (the “Additional Shares”) which converted pursuant to the exchange ratio in the Merger into an aggregate of approximately 3,749,992 shares of common stock (the “Converted Additional Shares”), which Converted Additional Shares were delivered (or became deliverable) to the investors on November 19, 2020, and (iii) the Company agreed to issue to each investor on the tenth trading day following the consummation of the Merger (x) Series A Warrants representing the right to acquire shares of common stock equal to the sum of (A) the Converted Initial Shares purchased by the investor, (B) the Converted Additional Shares delivered or deliverable to the investor, without giving effect to any limitation on delivery contained in the Securities Purchase Agreement and (C) the initial number of shares of common stock, if any, underlying the Series B Warrants issued to the Investor and (y) additional warrants to purchase shares of common stock.
Series A Warrants
The Series A Warrants were issued on November 19, 2020 at an initial exercise price of $4.4795 per share, were immediately exercisable upon issuance and have a term of five years from the date of issuance. The Series A Warrants are exercisable for 5,665,838 shares of common stock in the aggregate (without giving effect to any limitation on exercise contained therein).
The Series A Warrants provide that, until the second anniversary of the date on which all shares of common stock issued and issuable to the investors may be sold without restriction or limitation pursuant to Rule 144, if Ocuphire publicly announces, issues or sells, enters into a definitive, binding agreement pursuant to which Ocuphire is required to issue or sell or is deemed, pursuant to the provisions of the Series A Warrants, to have issued or sold, any shares of common stock for a price per share lower than the exercise price then in effect, subject to certain limited exceptions, then the exercise price of the Series A Warrants will be reduced to such lower price per share. Further, on each Reset Date (as defined below under Series B Warrants ) the Series A Warrants will be adjusted downward (but not increased) such that the exercise price thereof becomes 120% of the Reset Price (as defined below), and the number of shares underlying the Series A Warrants will be increased (but not decreased) to the quotient of (a) (i) the exercise price in effect prior to such Reset (as defined below under Series B Warrants) multiplied by (ii) the number of shares underlying the Series A Warrants prior to the Reset divided by (b) the resulting exercise price. In addition, the exercise price and the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Series A Warrants will also be subject to adjustment in the event of any stock splits, dividends or distributions or other similar transactions.
The Series A Warrants were accounted for and classified as liabilities on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets given certain price reset provisions not used for a fair valuation under a fixed for fixed settlement scenario as required for equity balance sheet classification. A Monte Carlo simulation model was used to estimate the aggregate fair value of the Series A Warrants. Input assumptions used were as follows: risk-free interest rate 0.4%; expected volatility of 83.6%; expected life of 5 years; and expected dividend yield zero percent. The underlying stock price used was the market price as quoted on Nasdaq as of November 19, 2020. The aggregate fair value of the Series A Warrants of $25.8 million upon issuance was recorded as a long-term liability on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The amount by which the aggregate fair value of the Series A Warrants exceeded the $21.15 million gross proceeds from the Pre-Merger Financing, or $4.7 million, was recorded as day-one interest on the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. The Company recorded the fair value change of the Series A Warrants in the amount of $2.1 million to the fair value change in derivative and warrant liabilities line item on the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Series B Warrants
The Series B Warrants have an exercise price of $0.0001, were exercisable upon issuance and will expire on the day following the later to occur of (i) the Reservation Date (as defined therein), and (ii) the date on which the investor’s Series B Warrants have been exercised in full (without giving effect to any limitation on exercise contained therein) and no shares remain issuable thereunder. The Series B Warrants are initially exercisable for 665,836 shares of Common Stock in the aggregate (without giving effect to any limitation on exercise contained therein). The Series B Warrants were accounted for and classified as equity on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
Additionally, every ninth trading day up to and including the 45th trading day (each, a “Reset Date”) following (i) six months following the issuance date (the “Six Month Reset Date”) and (ii) if a Public Information Failure has occurred at any time following the Six Month Reset Date, the earlier to occur of (x) the date that such Public Information Failure is cured and no longer prevents the holder from selling all underlying securities pursuant to Rule 144 without restriction or limitation and (y) the earlier to occur of (I) the date all of the underlying securities may be sold without restriction or limitation pursuant to Rule 144 and without the requirement to be in compliance with Rule 144(c)(1) and (II) one year after the issuance date (each such date provided in the foregoing clauses (i), (ii) and (iii), an “End Reset Measuring Date”) (such 45 trading day period, the Reset Period and each such 45th trading day after an End Reset Measuring Date, an “End Reset Date”), the number of shares issuable upon exercise of each Investor’s Series B Warrants shall be increased (a “Reset”) to the number (if positive) obtained by subtracting (i) the sum of (a) the number of Converted Initial Shares issued to the investor and (b) the number of Converted Additional Shares delivered or deliverable to the investor as of the Warrant Closing Date, from (ii) the quotient determined by dividing (a) the pro rata portion of the Purchase Price paid by the Investor, by (b) the greater of (x) the arithmetic average of the five lowest dollar volume-weighted average prices of a share of Common Stock on Nasdaq during the applicable Reset Period immediately preceding the applicable Reset Date to date and (y) a floor price per share calculated based on a pre-money valuation (of the Combined Company, assuming for this purpose the pre-money issuance of the Converted Initial Shares and Converted Additional Shares) of $10 million.
In connection with the Pre-Merger Financing, the Company incurred issuance costs in the amount of $1.8 million which included (i) a placement agent cash fee of $1.6 million and (ii) legal and other fees of $0.2 million. Issuance costs in the amount of $0.7 million attributed to the Series A Warrants were recorded as interest expense on the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2020 and $1.1 million was recorded as an offset to additional paid-in capital.
In February 2021, each of the Investors entered into Waiver Agreements regarding certain terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement, Series A Warrants and Series B Warrants. See Note 12 – Subsequent Events.